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雅鲁藏布江下游色东普沟高位地质灾害发育特征遥感解译

李壮 李滨 高杨 王猛 赵超英 刘晓杰

李壮, 李滨, 高杨, 王猛, 赵超英, 刘晓杰. 2021: 雅鲁藏布江下游色东普沟高位地质灾害发育特征遥感解译. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 32(3): 33-41. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.03-05
引用本文: 李壮, 李滨, 高杨, 王猛, 赵超英, 刘晓杰. 2021: 雅鲁藏布江下游色东普沟高位地质灾害发育特征遥感解译. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 32(3): 33-41. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.03-05
Zhuang LI, Bin LI, Yang GAO, Meng WANG, Chaoying ZHAO, Xiaojie LIU. 2021: Remote sensing interpretation of development characteristics of high-position geological hazards in Sedongpu gully, downstream of Yarlung Zangbo River. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 32(3): 33-41. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.03-05
Citation: Zhuang LI, Bin LI, Yang GAO, Meng WANG, Chaoying ZHAO, Xiaojie LIU. 2021: Remote sensing interpretation of development characteristics of high-position geological hazards in Sedongpu gully, downstream of Yarlung Zangbo River. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 32(3): 33-41. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.03-05

雅鲁藏布江下游色东普沟高位地质灾害发育特征遥感解译

doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.03-05
基金项目: 中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20211540);西藏自治区自然资源厅项目(藏财采【2020】0546)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李壮:李 壮(1995-),男,河南周口人,硕士研究生,主要从事高位地质灾害动力学研究。E-mail: 1346871141@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P642

Remote sensing interpretation of development characteristics of high-position geological hazards in Sedongpu gully, downstream of Yarlung Zangbo River

  • 摘要: 色东普沟位于雅鲁藏布江下游左岸、加拉白垒峰下方,受温度、降水和地震的因素影响,曾多次发生高位地质灾害并造成雅鲁藏布江堵塞。通过实地调查,结合Landsat等多源、多期遥感影像以及InSAR雷达数据,对色东普沟高位地质灾害发育特征进行分析,并对现存变形体进行解译和分析,得到以下结论:色东普沟发育多处冰川、崩塌、滑坡和冰湖灾害;色东普沟自2001年起20年间,发生高位地质灾害堵塞雅鲁藏布江干流事件共5次;沟内上部极高山区现存确定变形体3处和疑似变形体2处;针对发生于2018年的两次色东普高位地质灾害,认为其物源来自于一处高位岩崩区和三处高位冰崩区。研究结果为色东普高位地质灾害的进一步研究提供了初步数据,并为类似地质灾害的研究提供了有效的科学思路。
  • 图  1  色东普沟地质灾害遥感解译图

    Figure  1.  Remote sensing interpretation of geological hazards in Sedongpu gully

    图  2  色东普沟2001—2020年高位冰崩、岩崩堵江事件解译图

    Figure  2.  Interpretation of high-position ice avalanche and rock avalanche blocking the river in Sedongpu gully from 2001 to 2020

    图  3  色东普沟2016年6月15日—2018年3月7日累积形变

    Figure  3.  Accumulated deformation of Sedongpu gully from June 15, 2016 to March 7, 2018

    图  4  色东普沟2020年8月—2020年9月雷达视线向形变

    Figure  4.  Radar line of sight deformation in sedongpu gully from August 2020 to September 2020

    图  5  色东普沟2018年高位冰崩、岩崩运动解译图

    Figure  5.  Interpretation of high-position ice avalanche and rock avalanche in Sedongpu gully in 2018

    图  6  色东普沟高位链式地质灾害剖面图

    Figure  6.  High-position chain geological hazard profile of Sedongpu gully

    图  7  高位冰崩三区滑前滑后影像对比

    Figure  7.  Comparison of pre and post slide images in high-position ice avalanche area III

    图  8  高位岩崩一区滑前滑后影像对比

    Figure  8.  Comparison of pre and post slide images in high-position rockfall area I

    图  9  高位冰崩一区滑前滑后影像对比

    Figure  9.  Comparison of pre and post slide images in high-position ice avalanche area I

    图  10  高位冰崩二区滑前滑后影像对比

    Figure  10.  Comparison of pre and post slide images in high-position ice avalanche area II

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-21
  • 修回日期:  2021-05-25
  • 刊出日期:  2021-06-25

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