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炭质灰岩地区抽水致塌控制因素和影响因素

唐灵明 陈学军 黄翔 毕鹏雁 张晓宸

唐灵明, 陈学军, 黄翔, 毕鹏雁, 张晓宸. 炭质灰岩地区抽水致塌控制因素和影响因素[J]. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 2021, 32(4): 65-72. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.04-09
引用本文: 唐灵明, 陈学军, 黄翔, 毕鹏雁, 张晓宸. 炭质灰岩地区抽水致塌控制因素和影响因素[J]. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 2021, 32(4): 65-72. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.04-09
Lingming TANG, Xuejun CHEN, Xiang HUANG, Pengyan BI, Xiaochen ZHANG. Controlling and influencing factors of the karst collapse caused by withdrawing of groundwater in carbonaceous limestone area:A case study of Xing'an County, Guangxi Province[J]. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 2021, 32(4): 65-72. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.04-09
Citation: Lingming TANG, Xuejun CHEN, Xiang HUANG, Pengyan BI, Xiaochen ZHANG. Controlling and influencing factors of the karst collapse caused by withdrawing of groundwater in carbonaceous limestone area:A case study of Xing'an County, Guangxi Province[J]. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 2021, 32(4): 65-72. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.04-09

炭质灰岩地区抽水致塌控制因素和影响因素

doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.04-09
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(41967037);广西岩溶动力学重点实验室开放课题基金(YR-JJHT-2016-466)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    唐灵明(1987-),男,广西桂林人,地质资源与地质工程专业,硕士研究生,工程师,主要从事岩土工程、地质灾害预测与防治研究。E-mail:262611613@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    陈学军(1961-),男,广西桂林人,地质工程专业,博士研究生,教授,主要从事岩土工程、灾害地质与环境工程方面的教学和研究工作。E-mail: chenxj@glut.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P642.26

Controlling and influencing factors of the karst collapse caused by withdrawing of groundwater in carbonaceous limestone area:A case study of Xing'an County, Guangxi Province

  • 摘要: 为研究炭质灰岩地区抽水致塌控制因素和影响因素,通过电法物探、地质钻探及抽水致塌试验相结合的综合手段,对兴安县石炭系下统岩关组(C1y)炭质灰岩地区的岩溶塌陷进行关联分析,建立降深水位与时间、恢复水位与时间的关系对比曲线。研究结果表明:在炭质灰岩地区进行抽水活动时,其主要补给源为小溶洞内储存水,运输通道为岩溶裂隙;该炭质灰岩地区岩溶裂隙具有不规则性,因此,在同类地层中测得的渗透系数k及影响半径R有较大差异;研究区域内抽水致塌的位置受地质构造的影响较为明显;钻井人为抽水致塌受多种因素共同作用影响,而地下水位升降为主要影响因素。
  • 图  1  钻井结构图

    Figure  1.  Drilling structure diagram

    图  2  同一钻井三次定流量抽水试验曲线对比

    Figure  2.  Comparison of three pumping test curves with a constant flow rate in the same well

    图  3  同一钻井三次定流量水位恢复试验曲线对比

    Figure  3.  Comparison of three constant flow water level recovery test curves in the same well

    图  4  研究区电法工作布置平面图

    Figure  4.  Plan of the electrical work layout of the study area

    图  5  研究区联合剖面ρs剖面平面图

    Figure  5.  Joint section ρs section plan of the study area

    图  6  研究区2线不同供电极距联剖对比曲线

    Figure  6.  Contrast curve of different electrode distances in the 2 lines of the study area

    图  7  研究区2线视电阻率(${\boldsymbol{\rho }}_{\rm{s}}$)断面等值线图

    Figure  7.  2-line apparent resistivity (${\boldsymbol{\rho }}_{\rm{s}}$)cross-sectional contour map of the study area

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-07-25
  • 修回日期:  2021-01-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-10-11
  • 刊出日期:  2021-08-25

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