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基于理想点-可拓云模型的隧道围岩稳定性评价

何乐平 罗舒月 胡启军 蔡其杰 李浴辉

何乐平, 罗舒月, 胡启军, 蔡其杰, 李浴辉. 2021: 基于理想点-可拓云模型的隧道围岩稳定性评价. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 32(2): 126-134. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.17
引用本文: 何乐平, 罗舒月, 胡启军, 蔡其杰, 李浴辉. 2021: 基于理想点-可拓云模型的隧道围岩稳定性评价. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 32(2): 126-134. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.17
Leping HE, Shuyue LUO, Qijun HU, Qijie CAI, Yuhui LI. 2021: Stability evaluation of tunnel surrounding rock based on ideal point-extension cloud model. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 32(2): 126-134. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.17
Citation: Leping HE, Shuyue LUO, Qijun HU, Qijie CAI, Yuhui LI. 2021: Stability evaluation of tunnel surrounding rock based on ideal point-extension cloud model. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 32(2): 126-134. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.17

基于理想点-可拓云模型的隧道围岩稳定性评价

doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.17
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51574201);四川省教育厅科研创新团队项目(18TD0014);四川省科技厅杰出青年科技人才项目(2019JDJQ0037)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    何乐平(1979-),女,四川成都人,博士研究生,讲师,主要从事风险评估与失效分析以及防灾减灾工程。E-mail:201231010028@swpu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    胡启军(1977-),男,湖南衡东人,博士(后),教授,博士生导师,主要从事土木工程与工程管理研究。E-mail:huqijunswpu@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P58

Stability evaluation of tunnel surrounding rock based on ideal point-extension cloud model

  • 摘要: 为了对隧道围岩稳定性进行准确评价并解决研究过程中存在的模糊性和随机性以及评价指标不相容的问题,减少单一的主客观赋权法所带来的误差,将云模型引入可拓理论中,利用可拓理论能够实现矛盾问题向相容问题转化的特点和云模型具有处理事物双重不确定性的优势并结合理想点组合赋权法对隧道围岩进行稳定性评价研究。通过文献调研、数据统计的方式,选取具有代表性的6个指标组成隧道围岩评价指标体系,用理想点法赋予评价指标组合权重,并构建可拓云模型对隧道围岩稳定性进行综合评价。通过将此方法应用于工程实例并与其他方法对比,结果表明:基于理想点-可拓云模型的隧道围岩稳定性评价方法能够减少评价过程中存在的不确定性问题,克服单一赋权方法的不足,具有良好的适用性,可以应用于实际工程中。
  • 图  1  评价指标频数统计

    Figure  1.  Evaluation index frequency statistics

    图  2  隧道围岩稳定性评价流程图

    Figure  2.  Flow chart of tunnel surrounding rock stability evaluation

    图  3  评价指标云图

    Figure  3.  Evaluation indicator cloud diagram

    表  1  隧道围岩稳定性评价指标分类标准

    Table  1.   Classification criteria of tunnel surrounding rock stability evaluation index

    类别岩石单轴抗压强度
    Rc/MPa
    岩体完整性系数
    Kv
    岩石质量指标
    RQD/%
    地下水状态
    W/(L·10−1 min−1·m−1)
    围岩弹性纵波速度
    Vmp/(km·s−1
    体积节理数
    Jv/(条·m−3
    稳定Ⅰ200~3000.75~190~1000~5>4.50~3
    基本稳定Ⅱ100~2000.55~0.7575~905~103.5~4.53~10
    稳定性差Ⅲ50.0~1000.30~0.5550~7510~252.5~3.510~20
    不稳定Ⅳ25.0~50.00.15~0.3025~5025~1251.5~2.520~30
    极不稳定Ⅴ0.00~25.00.00~0.150~25125~250 0~1.530~50
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  样本指标实测值

    Table  2.   Sample index measured value

    样本岩石单轴抗压强度
    Rc/MPa
    岩体完整性系数
    Kv
    岩石质量指标
    RQD/%
    地下水状态
    W/(L·10-1 min−1·m−1)
    声波纵波速度值
    Vmp/(km·s−1
    体积节理数
    Jv/(条·m−3
    128.760.1836107.461.9526
    258.160.396221.732.8317
    312.840.1415136.951.3639
    432.520.264185.572.1322
    517.930.1219127.341.2543
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  隧道围岩等级标准云模型

    Table  3.   Standard cloud model of tunnel surrounding rock grade

    类别岩石单轴抗压强度岩体完整性系数岩石质量指标地下水状态围岩弹性纵波速度体积节理数
    稳定Ⅰ(250,16.67,0.01)(0.88,0.04,0.01)(95,1.67,0.01)(2.5,0.83,0.01)(4.5,0.17,0.01)(1.5,0.5,0.01)
    基本稳定Ⅱ(150,16.67,0.01)(0.65,0.03,0.01)(82.5,2.5,0.01)(7.5,0.83,0.01)(4,0.17,0.01)(6.5,1.17,0.01)
    稳定性差Ⅲ(75,8.33,0.01)(0.43,0.04,0.01)(62.5,4.17,0.01)(17.5,2.5,0.01)(3,0.17,0.01)(15,1.67,0.01)
    不稳定Ⅳ(37.5,4.17,0.01)(0.23,0.03,0.01)(37.5,4.17,0.01)(75,16.67,0.01)(2,0.17,0.01)(25,1.67,0.01)
    极不稳定Ⅴ(12.5,4.17,0.01)(0.08,0.03,0.01)(12.5,4.17,0.01)(187.5,20.83,0.01)(0.75,0.25,0.01)(40,3.33,0.01)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  样本评价结果及对比

    Table  4.   Sample evaluation results and comparison

    样本综合确定度本文方法熵权-云模型可拓理论
    U(Ⅰ)U(Ⅱ)U(Ⅲ)U(Ⅳ)U(Ⅴ)
    10.0000000.0000000.0000000.4752340.000804
    20.0000000.0000000.4592710.0011370.000000
    30.0000000.0000000.0000000.0018610.536067
    40.0000000.0000000.0000380.5975230.000004
    50.0000000.0000000.0000000.0015420.318828
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-04-27
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