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三峡库区典型顺斜向岩质滑坡变形破坏特征及失稳机制分析

蒋先念 张晨阳

蒋先念, 张晨阳. 2021: 三峡库区典型顺斜向岩质滑坡变形破坏特征及失稳机制分析. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 32(2): 36-42. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.05
引用本文: 蒋先念, 张晨阳. 2021: 三峡库区典型顺斜向岩质滑坡变形破坏特征及失稳机制分析. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 32(2): 36-42. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.05
Xiannian JIANG, Chenyang ZHANG. 2021: Deformation characteristics and failure mechanism of large-scale obliquely dip rock landslide in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 32(2): 36-42. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.05
Citation: Xiannian JIANG, Chenyang ZHANG. 2021: Deformation characteristics and failure mechanism of large-scale obliquely dip rock landslide in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 32(2): 36-42. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.05

三峡库区典型顺斜向岩质滑坡变形破坏特征及失稳机制分析

doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.05
详细信息
    作者简介:

    蒋先念(1979-),男,贵州普安人,水工环地质专业,硕士,正高级工程师,主要从事地质灾害防治研究。E-mail:317595476@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    张晨阳(1993-),男,安徽六安人,工程地质专业,博士,主要从事地质灾害防治研究。E-mail:20121002304@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P642.2

Deformation characteristics and failure mechanism of large-scale obliquely dip rock landslide in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region

  • 摘要: 近年来,三峡库区城集镇开发区顺斜向岩质滑坡失稳破坏现象时有发生,研究顺斜向岩质滑坡的变形破坏特征及失稳机制对防治此类滑坡具有重要意义。本文以巫山县白杨湾滑坡为例,通过现场踏勘、钻探和多种监测手段,对这一典型顺斜向岩质滑坡的变形破坏特征及失稳机制进行了深入研究。此滑坡所处地层为巴东组第二段泥岩,岩体破碎,地下水较丰富。滑坡岩层向右边界倾斜,右边界受断层控制,断层面与岩层面相交切割形成楔形体顺斜向滑移。滑坡体积约320×104 m3,滑动方向与岩层倾向夹角60°。受坡脚开挖和坡体建筑荷载等人类工程活动的影响,滑坡于2019年7月开始出现显著变形,滑坡中部的位移速率达到2~5 mm/d。2019年9月中旬,滑坡前部设置应急抗滑桩后,滑坡变形开始减缓至0~0.5 mm/d。白杨湾滑坡对城集镇开发区金科城造成巨大威胁,建议采取“搬迁避让+工程治理+专业监测”的防治对策。本文的研究成果对指导三峡库区顺斜向岩质滑坡防治和人工开挖诱发滑坡的防治具有重要借鉴意义。
  • 图  1  白杨湾滑坡平面及监测点分布图

    Figure  1.  Plane and monitoring distribution map of Baiyangwan landslide

    图  2  白杨湾滑坡典型剖面图

    Figure  2.  Tipical profile of Baiyangwan landslide

    图  3  开挖区出露的第一级滑面

    Figure  3.  First order slip zone exposed in excavated area

    图  4  钻孔揭示滑带

    Figure  4.  Drilling to reveal sliding zone

    图  5  滑坡宏观变形破坏迹象

    Figure  5.  Signs of macroscopic deformation and failure of landslide

    图  6  滑坡中部地表位移监测曲线

    Figure  6.  Monitoring curve of surface displacement in the middle of landslide

    图  7  滑坡方向与岩层倾向、坡向关系图

    Figure  7.  Relationship between landslide direction and rock stratum tendency and slope direction

    图  8  深部位移监测曲线

    Figure  8.  Deep displacement monitoring curve

    图  9  研究区降雨和地下水位曲线

    Figure  9.  Curve of rainfall and groundwater level curve in the study area

    图  10  开挖前后白杨湾滑坡航拍图

    Figure  10.  Aerial map of Baiyangwan landslide before and after excavation

    图  11  极射赤平投影图

    Figure  11.  Stereographic projection of structural plan

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-05-06
  • 修回日期:  2020-06-07
  • 刊出日期:  2021-04-27

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