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安徽黄山市徽州区地质灾害危险性评价研究

刘乐 杨智 孙健 刘钦 彭鹏 段俊斌

刘乐, 杨智, 孙健, 刘钦, 彭鹏, 段俊斌. 2021: 安徽黄山市徽州区地质灾害危险性评价研究. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 32(2): 110-116. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.15
引用本文: 刘乐, 杨智, 孙健, 刘钦, 彭鹏, 段俊斌. 2021: 安徽黄山市徽州区地质灾害危险性评价研究. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 32(2): 110-116. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.15
Le LIU, Zhi YANG, Jian SUN, Qin LIU, Peng PENG, Junbin DUAN. 2021: Study on risk assessment of geological hazards in Huizhou District, Huangshan City, Anhui Province. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 32(2): 110-116. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.15
Citation: Le LIU, Zhi YANG, Jian SUN, Qin LIU, Peng PENG, Junbin DUAN. 2021: Study on risk assessment of geological hazards in Huizhou District, Huangshan City, Anhui Province. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 32(2): 110-116. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.15

安徽黄山市徽州区地质灾害危险性评价研究

doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.02.15
基金项目: 安徽省公益性地质调查项目(2015-g-39);安徽省重点研究与开发计划项目(202004a07020030)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘乐:刘 乐(1986-),男,陕西西安人,硕士,工程师,主要从事遥感地质调查与研究工作。E-mail:358354819@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P694

Study on risk assessment of geological hazards in Huizhou District, Huangshan City, Anhui Province

  • 摘要: 皖南山区是安徽省地质灾害高发区域。本文选取黄山市徽州区为研究区,根据区内地形地貌和地质构造特点,选取了高程、坡度、坡向、断裂构造、水系、土地覆盖类型、工程地质岩组、人类活动强度等8项致灾因子作为地质灾害危险性评价指标。结合地质灾害野外实地调查成果,采用信息量模型法对研究区进行地质灾害危险性评价,探索建立适合皖南山区的地质灾害危险性评价模型。
  • 图  1  研究区交通位置图

    Figure  1.  Traffic map of the research area

    图  2  地质灾害点密度与致灾因子分级图

    Figure  2.  Density maps of geological disaster points andclassification diagram of the impact factors of geological disasters

    图  3  研究区地质灾害危险性评价图

    Figure  3.  Geological hazard risk assessment map of the research area

    表  1  高程分级及信息量统计表

    Table  1.   Satistics of elevation classification and information

    评价指标高程分级/mSi/SNi/N信息量I
    数据0~2000.07320.0526−0.3303
    200~3000.17170.1383−0.2164
    300~4000.19670.30270.4310
    400~5000.20240.23550.1514
    500~7000.24750.2051−0.1882
    700~13000.10850.0659−0.4984
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  坡度分级及信息量统计表

    Table  2.   Satistics of slope classification and information

    评价指标坡度分级/(°)Si/SNi/N信息量I
    数据0~100.09510.0173−1.7023
    10~200.17980.1207−0.3985
    20~300.30810.36820.1780
    30~400.30710.39550.2530
    40~500.10750.0966−0.1066
    50~900.00250.0017−0.3454
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  坡向分级及信息量统计表

    Table  3.   Satistics of slope classification and information

    评价指标坡向分级/(°)Si/SNi/N信息量I
    数据315~450.17610.1494−0.1644
    45~1350.28900.30080.0399
    135~2250.26460.28080.0592
    225~3150.27030.2691−0.0045
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  断裂分级及信息量统计表

    Table  4.   Satistics of fracture classification and information

    评价指标断裂分级/mSi/SNi/N信息量I
    数据0~3000.36370.53100.3785
    300~6000.25410.28330.1087
    600~10000.20420.1406−0.3731
    1000~15000.11460.0287−1.3833
    >15000.06360.0164−1.3550
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  水系密度分级及信息量统计表

    Table  5.   Satistics of the river system density classification and information

    评价指标水系密度分级/(km−1)Si/SNi/N信息量I
    数据0~1.40520.77170.7523−0.0255
    1.4052~2.86950.15520.16890.0850
    2.8695~6.26440.07310.07880.0745
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  各土地利用类型信息量统计表

    Table  6.   Statistical table of information quantity of land use types

    评价指标用地分级Si/SNi/N信息量I
    数据道路0.01050.01680.4742
    耕地0.10300.0956−0.0753
    城镇用地0.01860.02310.2168
    水域0.01140.01190.0493
    林地0.76500.7154−0.0671
    茶园0.09150.13720.4049
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  各工程地质岩组信息量统计表

    Table  7.   Statistical table of information of each engineering geological rock formation

    评价指标工程地质岩组分级Si/SNi/N信息量I
    数据NH1x0.16440.1429−0.1404
    PT2n0.27900.2198−0.2385
    PT2d0.41220.48890.1706
    γδ0.11050.0852−0.2601
    Q40.00650.0056−0.1358
    Qdl+el0.02250.05230.8421
    强风化层0.00060.00110.6807
    Qapl0.00430.0036−0.1669
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  人类活动强度分级及信息量统计表

    Table  8.   Satistics of human activity intensity classification and information

    评价指标人类活动分级Si/SNi/N信息量I
    数据0~1.41850.46420.2406−0.6569
    1.4185~4.53090.36240.3496−0.0362
    4.5309~5.88210.08500.15300.5878
    5.8821~12.29550.08840.23350.9712
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  9  地质灾害危险度分区面积统计表

    Table  9.   Statistical table of geological hazard area

    危险度分区信息量分区面积/km2
    不易发区−4.732721~−1.18104.49
    低易发区−1.18~−0.03157.78
    中易发区−0.03~1.26116.35
    高易发区1.26~3.44985419.86
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  10  不同危险度分区内地质灾害点数量统计表

    Table  10.   Statistical table of the number of geological disaster points in different risk zones

    易发区分类分区面积/km2地质灾害点数量/个
    不易发区104.490
    低易发区157.783
    中易发区116.3580
    高易发区19.86132
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-05-10
  • 修回日期:  2020-05-20
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